Total Hip Replacement SurgeryIf your hip has been damaged by arthritis, a fracture, or other conditions, common activities such as walking or getting in and out of a chair may be painful and difficult. Your hip may be stiff, and it may be hard to put on your shoes and socks. You may even feel uncomfortable while resting. If medications, changes in your everyday activities, and the use of walking supports do not adequately help your symptoms, you may consider hip replacement surgery. Hip replacement surgery is a safe and effective procedure that can relieve your pain, increase motion, and help you get back to enjoying normal, everyday activities.
OsteoarthritisThis is an age-related "wear and tear" type of arthritis. It usually occurs in people 50 years of age and older and often in individuals with a family history of arthritis. The cartilage cushioning the bones of the hip wears away. The bones then rub against each other, causing hip pain and stiffness. Osteoarthritis may also be caused or accelerated by subtle irregularities in how the hip developed in childhood.
Rheumatoid arthritisThis is an autoimmune disease in which the synovial membrane becomes inflamed and thickened. This chronic inflammation can damage the cartilage, leading to pain and stiffness. Rheumatoid arthritis is the most common type of a group of disorders termed "inflammatory arthritis." Post-traumatic arthritis.
Avascular necrosisAvascular necrosis is destruction of head of femur (ball of hip joint) due to lack of blood supply. An injury to the hip, such as a dislocation or fracture, may also limit the blood supply to the femoral head. However, this can result without any specific cause (idiopathic) in 40% of the patients, alcohol consumption, steroid use, and deceases like rheumatoid arthritis, sickle cell anaemia etc are other main causes. The lack of blood eventually causes the surface of the bone to collapse, resulting in arthritis over a period of months to years. Some diseases can also cause avascular necrosis.
Childhood hip diseaseSome infants and children have hip problems like Perthe's disease, Slipped upper femoral epiphysis and Congenital hip displasia. Even though these problems are successfully treated during childhood, they may still cause arthritis later on in life. This happens because the hip may not grow normally, and the joint surfaces are affected.
DescriptionIn a total hip replacement (also called total hip arthroplasty), the damaged bone and cartilage is removed and replaced with prosthetic components. The damaged femoral head is removed and replaced with a metal stem that is placed into the hollow center of the thigh bone (femur). The femoral stem may be either cemented or "press fit" into the bone. A metal or ceramic ball is placed on the upper part of the stem. This ball replaces the damaged femoral head that was removed. The damaged cartilage surface of the socket (acetabulum) is removed and replaced with a metal socket. Screws or cement are sometimes used to hold the socket in place. A plastic, ceramic, or metal spacer is inserted between the new ball and the socket to allow for a smooth gliding surface.
Are you the right candidate for hip replacement surgery?The decision to have hip replacement surgery should be a cooperative one made by you, your family,nand your orthopaedic surgeon. There are no absolute age or weight restrictions for total hip replacements. Recommendations for surgery are based on a patient's pain and disability, not age. Most patients who undergo total hip replacement are age 50 to 80, but orthopaedic surgeons evaluate patients individually. Total hip replacements have been performed successfully at all ages, from the young teenager with juvenile arthritis to the elderly patient with degenerative arthritis. When Surgery Is Recommended.
Your SurgeryYou will most likely be admitted to the hospital on the day of your surger Anesthesia
Possible Complications of Surgery